What is dyslexia?
Dyslexia is a reading difference that affects 10-20% of the population.
Dyslexia does NOT affect intelligence.
"Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurobiological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge." IDA
Structured Literacy such as Orton-Gillingham. You can read more about this at dyslexia.yale.edu.